The record of the third largest earthquake ever recorded on a seismograph is Boxing Day Tsunami 2004. It has the magnitude at Mw 9.1-9.3. Facts about Boxing Day Tsunami 2004 6: the longest duration It also took the record as the earthquake with the longest duration of faulting At 7:59 AM, a 9.1-magnitude earthquake—one of the largest ever recorded—ripped through an undersea fault in the Indian Ocean, propelling a massive column of water toward unsuspecting shores. The Boxing Day tsunami would be the deadliest in recorded history, taking a staggering 230,000 lives in a matter of hours. Click to see full answer
What caused the Boxing Day tsunami in the Indian Ocean? A magnitude 9.3 earthquake occurred on the seafloor off the western coast of Sumatra. It ruptured over a 1200km section of a fault under the sea, causing a huge area of the sea floor to be raised. This caused many hundreds of cubic kilometres of sea water to be lifted above its normal level The occurrence of the 26 December, 2004 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake and the accompanying Boxing Day Tsunami, which killed over 280,00, has been described as one of the most lethal natural disasters in human history. Many lives could have been saved had a tsunami warning system, similar to that which exists for the Pacific Ocean, been in operation for the Indian Ocean Boxing Day tsunami: 10 years on, the scars are not hard to find in Aceh. The Guardian has tracked the fortunes of Nusa, Indonesia, since the deadly wave. A decade on, the shockwaves are still. Landing Craft Air Cushion (LCAC) Hovercraft from USS Bonhomme Richard (LHD 6) delivering supplies to the citizens of Meulaboh Indonesia after the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami. The humanitarian response to the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake of a magnitude of 9.1 was prompted by one of the worst natural disasters of modern times Sometimes known as the Christmas or Boxing Day tsunami, the December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami is far from a distant memory, a decade after resulting in more than 200,000 casualities. The tsunami struck after the magnitude 9.1 Sumatra-Andaman Earthquake occurred off the northwest coast of Sumatra, Indonesia, causing catastrophic levels.
Historical Context On December 26, 2004, one of the most devastating natural disasters in history occurred when an earthquake off the coast of Sumatra measuring between 9.1 and 9.3 on the Richter scale triggered a gigantic tsunami across the Indian Ocean .0, is one infamous tsunami of the present-day having destructive and hazardous effects in many regions
On the day after Christmas 2004, a horrifying tsunami swept across the Indian Ocean. It claimed an estimated 230,000 lives. With no warning system in the Indian Ocean, scientists were helpless to. Boxing Day Tsunami Google Earth KMZ Data File (KMZ File 673kB Oct22 08) NGDC Boxing Day Tsunami Wave Travel Time Overlay (KMZ File 331kB Oct22 08) The students will need to access the following external web sites: USGS: Magnitude 9.1 - OFF THE WEST COAST OF NORTHERN SUMATRA. Carleton College Science Education Resource Center: Tsunami Visualization Indonesia Boxing Day Tsunami: The 9.1 Magnitude Earthquake that Ripped the Floor of the Indian Ocean was the 2nd Largest Ever Recorded December 26, 2004 (updated June 1, 2020) Published by LeeF The following article first published in February 2005 focusses on the failures of the warning system in relation to the 9.1 earthquake of December 26.
Today marks 14 years since the catastrophic Boxing Day tsunami, which killed 230,000 people. But questions are still being raised over the suitability of Indonesia's tsunami warning system How the Boxing Day tsunami unfolded, hour by hour. On December 26, 2004, the western coast of Indonesia was shaken by a 9.2 magnitude earthquake, the fourth biggest in recent times. The damage. On this day, ten years ago, a magnitude 9.1 earthquake struck beneath the Indian Ocean near Indonesia, generating a massive tsunami that claimed more than 230,000 lives in fourteen different. The 9.1 magnitude earthquake that jolted the Indian Ocean's seafloor upwards, triggered a deadly tsunami which went on to claim the lives of around 230,000 people, including Rosie's parents
The quake itself is known by the scientific community as the Sumatra-Andaman earthquake. The resulting tsunami is given various names, including the Boxing Day tsunami. With a magnitude of Mw 9.1-9.3, it is the third largest earthquake ever recorded on a seismograph The Magnitude 9 earthquake caused land in northern Sumatra to shake for up to 10 minutes. Sea water was driven up to two kilometres inland. The 2004 Boxing Day tsunami has also been referred to as the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, the South Asian tsunami and the Indonesian tsunami. It was generated by Process - 2004 Boxing Day Tsunami. 2004 Boxing Day Tsunami. Home; Process; Tsunami Facts; more . 2004 Tsunami facts; Places affected; Contact . 2004 Boxing Day Tsunami These earthquakes have to be a magnitude of 6 or above to trigger a tsunami and the closer to the sea floor it is, the more likely it is to generate a tsunami.. Boxing Day Tsunami, 2004 Jim Holmes / Getty Images Even though this was the third-greatest magnitude earthquake recorded since 1990, the magnitude 9.1 temblor is best remembered for the deadly tsunami that the undersea quake unleashed Sri Lanka's remarkable recovery from the Boxing Day tsunami of 2004 | Daily Mail Online An eyewitness account of Sri Lanka's remarkable recovery from the Boxing Day tsunami of 2004 that saw 90-foot..
An earthquake of intensity IX and an estimated magnitude of 6.7 caused a tsunami along the coasts of Portugal and Galicia. Ocean tsunami is an example of a teletsunami, which travels vast distances across the open ocean, and an ocean-wide tsunami. It became known as the Boxing Day Tsunami because it struck on Boxing Day (26 December) March 27, 1964: The Alaskan Good Friday earthquake, magnitude between 8.4, spawned a 201-foot (67-meter) tsunami in the Valdez Inlet. It traveled at over 400 mph, killing more than 120 people. Ten.. This is known as the Indian Ocean (or Boxing Day) Tsunami. The tsunami arrived within 30-40 minutes, with measured run-up heights exceeding 30 m. The 26 December 2004 tsunami achieved a height of 30 m (Picture: Blendspace). DAMAGE ON CORAL REEFS. The impact of tsunamis on coral reefs has been widely assessed by researchers When the ground began to shake violently at 3.38pm, residents of Indonesia's Aceh province panicked. They feared a repetition of the dreadful events of Boxing Day 2004, when a 9.1-magnitude.
The earthquake was initially documented as moment magnitude 8.8. In February 2005 scientists revised the estimate of the magnitude to 9.0.  Although the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center has accepted these new numbers, the United States Geological Survey has so far not changed its estimate of 9.1. The most recent studies in 2006 have obtained a magnitude of M w 9.1-9.3 The 2004 Boxing Day tsunami killed more than 170,000 people in Indonesia's Aceh province. The effects were devastating, and a huge portion of infrastructure was destroyed On 1st January there was recorded to be 84 aftershocks with the magnitude that ranged from 5.0 to 7.0. There were also numerous diseases that were spread through water which caused more deaths such as malaria. Many people were also traumatised from the sudden flood
The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami (also known as the Boxing Day Tsunami) occurred at 00:58:53 UTC on 26 December, with an epicenter off the west coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia. With a magnitude between 9.1 and 9.3, the Sumatra-Andaman earthquake is the third largest earthquake ever recorded on a seismograph On the morning of December 26, 2004, a 9.1-magnitude earthquake rocked Indonesia's most western province Aceh. Mr Bahri heard people shouting that water had rushed into the city, rising fast and.. This Boxing Day earthquake is said to have released energy equivalent to 23,000 Hiroshima- type atomic bombs, according to the United States Geological Survey (The deadliest tsunami, 2005). The effects of this tsunami were massive and the cleanup and rehabilitation were long and tedious
The death toll from the magnitude 7.5 earthquake and resulting tsunami that struck near Palu, Indonesia, on Friday evening continues to rise, with several regions yet to be reached by rescue teams. But the size and location of the earthquake should not have come as a surprise Authorities in Indonesia, where a 9.1 magnitude quake sparked the tsunami, weren't able to send out an alert because the country's sensor system had been hit by lightning. Thai officials did send a..
A major climatological disaster caused by an earthquake with a magnitude of 9.1 to 9.3 on the Richter scale, caused by subduction which triggered a series of devastating tsunami along the coasts of most land masses bordering the Indian Ocean, killing at least 230,000 people in 11 countries, and inundating coastal communities with waves up to 30 meters/100 feet high The Boxing Day Tsunami and its Effects on Thailand's Tourism Desiree Rosa Introduction Years before the 2011 earthquake and tsunami that devastated Japan, the country of Thailand experienced a similar event. On December 26, 2004 at 9:30 AM local time, a magnitude nine earthquake drove a tsunami that hit the six provinces of Thailand. December 26th, 2004 marks the day a 9.1-9.3 magnitude earthquake triggered arguably the deadliest tsunami of the twenty-first century. The 1,300 km fault zone spawned a wave reaching fifty meters in height and five meters inland
Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004, tsunami that hit the coasts of several countries of South and Southeast Asia in December 2004. The tsunami and its aftermath were responsible for immense destruction and loss on the rim of the Indian Ocean. On December 26, 2004, at 7:59 am local time, an undersea earthquake with a magnitude of 9.1 struck off the coast of the Indonesian island of Sumatra ASEAN Emergency Summit: Boxing Day Tsunami. 2004 . On December 26th, 2004, a 9.1 magnitude earthquake - one of the largest ever recorded - hit the shores of Indonesia. This deadly event swept away entire communities, took thousands of lives, and proved to the international community that there is still a long way to go when it comes to planning. This potential was demonstrated three months later when a magnitude 9 earthquake off northern Sumatra triggered the Boxing Day tsunami. Over 200 000 died amid widespread destruction in Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, and Thailand and on the east coast of Africa. Despite this major event, the danger of tsunamis in the Indian Ocean has not passed
While Japan may have the longest recorded history of tsunamis, the sheer destruction caused by the 2004 Boxing Day earthquake and tsunami event mark it as the most devastating of its kind in modern times, killing around 230,000 people In order to answer the following questions, you will need to open the Boxing Day Tsunami KMZ file in Google Earth. Be sure to specify the units for all distances, velocities, and times. 1. What were the latitude, longitude, magnitude, and depth of the source event for the tsunami? Latitude=3.3, Longitude= 95.98, Magnitude=9, Depth=30m 2 The Boxing Day tsunami that occurred on Dec. 26, 2004, was caused by an earthquake of above 9 magnitude in the Indian Ocean. The earthquake was caused by the movement of the Indio-Australian tectonic plate as it subducted below the Eurasian plate, causing the seafloor above it to lift upwards On 26 December 2004, a magnitude 9.1 earthquake (3.316 N, 95.854 E, depth 30 km) occurred off the coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia. The tsunami generated by the earthquake was recorded nearly world-wide and killed more people than any other tsunami in recorded history, almost 230,000 missing and presumed dead Five years ago, on Boxing Day, December 26th, 2004, a magnitude 9.3 earthquake hit the seafloor of the Indian Ocean, causing tremendous waves of seawater to rush ashore as devastating tsunamis.
The tsunami was the effect of an underwater earthquake in the Indian Ocean just after 1am on Boxing Day 2004, the third largest earthquake ever recorded on a seismograph, with a magnitude of 9.0-9.3 Tsunami of 2004, caused by a 9.0 magnitude earthquake, is the most devastating tsunami in modern times, affecting 18 countries in Southeast Asia and Southern Africa, killing more than 250,000 people in a single day, and leaving more than 1.7 million homeless. However, less reported, albeit real, is its impact in the islands of the Indian Ocean more than 1,000 miles away from its epicenter Indonesia on Wednesday also commemorates the 167,799 people who lost their lives in the country in 2004 as a result of the December 26 Boxing Day tsunami caused by a magnitude-9.1 earthquake off the northern coast of Sumatra. The disaster also caused deaths in a dozen other nations around the Indian Ocean, killing around 230,000 people in total Thousands of mourners flocked to mass graves Thursday in Indonesia's Aceh province to commemorate the 15th anniversary of the 2004 Boxing Day tsunami, one of the worst natural disasters in history. On a grassy field in Aceh Besar district where at least 47,000 victims were laid to rest, family members and relatives prayed, scattered flower petals and comforted each other Tsunami science before and beyond Boxing Day 2004 BY COSTAS E. SYNOLAKIS 1,2,* AND EDDIE N. BERNARD 3 1Coastal Engineering and Natural Hazards Laboratory, Technical University of Crete, Chanea 73100, Greece 2Viterbi School of Engineering, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-2531, USA 3Paciﬁc Marine Environmental Laboratory, NOAA, Seattle, WA 98115-6349, US
The earthquake of December 26, 2004 in Sumatra and Andaman Islands was so devastating because the area was struck by a shallow powerful earthquake at its maximum force, an outstanding 9.0 magnitude. Sea-quake magnitude, depth, proximity to populated areas and shoreline shape are the most important variables to determine the destructive potential of a tsunami Huge Whirlpool after Tsunami hits Japan 8.9 magnitude earthquake - Friday March 11, 2011 by klue88. 1:19. Play next; Koh Lanta, Boxing Day Tsunami, Thailand by John Parish An underwater earthquake set off the tsunami in the early hours of December 26, 2004. At 12.59am GMT, a 9.2-magnitude earthquake struck the western coast of Indonesia. It was the third largest.. On Boxing Day 2004 a tsunami hit south-east Asia leaving more than 200,000 people dead. The BBC's Dominic Hurst speaks to Edie Fassnidge, who survived but lost her mother and sister
Indonesia remembers deadly Boxing Day tsunami, 15 years on The tsunami, which reached almost 30 metres high, was sparked by a monstrous 9.3 magnitude earthquake off the coast of Sumatr On Boxing day 2004 a 9.1-magnitude earthquake struck off the coast of the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. It was the third largest earthquake to ever be recorded. The coastal and central business..
The Boxing Day sea surge was triggered when an earthquake caused the sea floor to jolt vertically by about 10m (33ft), which displaced hundreds of cubic kilometres of water. The resulting waves.. The events of December 26, 2004, in the Andaman Region of the Indian Ocean and surrounding areas changed my life. For this was the day — the day following Christmas, traditionally termed Boxing Day by the British and her former colonies — that a massive earthquake of between 9.1 and 9.3 magnitude occurred under the sea bed of On Boxing Day, 2004, a magnitude nine earthquake took place off the west coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia, in the Indian Ocean. Waves up to 51 metres tall were generated as a result of the.. BOXING DAY - 26 December - marks ten years since the most devastating tsunami in recent history. It was on this day in 2004 that an earthquake under the Indian Ocean generated a series of tsunamis that is thought to have killed upto 230,000 people On the morning after Christmas Day in 2004, a 9.1 magnitude quake off northern Sumatra island triggered a tsunami with waves as high as 17.4 metres that swept over vulnerable coastal areas of Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Thailand and nine other countries
The Boxing Day Tsunami, more commonly known as the Indian Ocean Tsunami of 2004, is a tsunami responsible for the loss of the rim of the Indian Ocean. On December 26 (Boxing Day), an undersea earthquake with a magnitude of 9.1 occured off the coast of Indonesia Five years since the Tsunami Five years ago, on Boxing Day, December 26th, 2004, a magnitude 9.3 earthquake hit the seafloor of the Indian Ocean, causing tremendous waves of seawater to rush ashore.. One of the most recent ones as well - the 2004 Boxing Day Tsunami. An earthquake with a magnitude of 9.1-9.3 struck a point in the Indian ocean, releasing an amount of energy so large the wave which followed killed between 230,000-280,000 people living in the coastal regions. This tsunami is the 2nd worst natural disaster of any type, in term.